SEMI is the common name for the Semiconductor Equipment and Materials International and since 1970 has represented the collective interests of the semiconductor industry worldwide, acting as its advocate in areas of public policy, environment, health and safety, workforce development and investor relations.
The Electromagnetic Compatibility Directive - or EMCD for short - is one of the longest standing Directives to come out of the EU having originated in 1991. Initially re-cast in 2007 its most recent re-casting came into force in 2016 and aims to ensure that all electrical and electronic equipment does not generate, or is not affected by, electromagnetic disturbance.
Coming into practice in 1992, and re-cast in 2009, the Machinery Directive looks to guarantee that all mechanical and electro-mechanical products placed on the market or brought into use within the EU are safe and pose minimal risk to human health. This includes risks from noise, radiation and electrical hazards posed by mechanical and electro-mechanical devices* such as: all machinery; interchangeable equipment; and safety components.
Brought into force in June 2017 the Radio Equipment Directive, or RED for short, replaced the Radio & Terminal Telecommunications Equipment Directive 99/5/EC, commonly known as the R&TTE Directive*. RED now covers all devices that transmit and receive radio signals including WiFi and Bluetooth devices; cellular devices, radio communicators and equipment with wireless communication functionality are all covered by RED.
First coming into force in 1972 the Low Voltage Directive or, as its more commonly known as, LVD has seen many revisions with the most recent coming in April 2016. The LVD was added to the CE Marking Directives in 1995. Applying to all electrical equipment operating with a supply voltage of between 50v and 1000v AC or 75v and 1500v DC, the LVD ensures that all electrical equipment it covers does not pose a risk to human or animal health and safety.
As indicated by the full name, the ATEX Directive ensures that equipment intended for use in environments where potentially explosive atmospheres may form (generally referred to as ‘Hazardous Locations’) are safe to operate. Specifically, the ATEX Directive is designed to ensure equipment is ‘Intrinsically Safe’ or, in other words, cannot provide a source of ignition that may lead to an explosion.